Excerpt: In recent years, many new programming languages have emerged, but none has been able to compete with JAVA in terms of popularity.
Java has been the most popular programming language for 25 years. A web application is developed via the Java Framework, which is a platform used to develop web applications. There are a number of Java frameworks available on the market. Our purpose in this article is to analyze a list of 14 of the best Java frameworks. Let's start with an explanation of what a Java framework is. Let's go into more detail.
Table of contents:
What is a Java Framework?
Java Framework is a library of pre-written codes that Java developers use to create Java web applications. The template is used by developers to create software applications and Java programs.
Developers can use the framework to create a program for the application without having to refer to each line of code individually. It incorporates pre-defined functions and classes that enable the hardware devices to be input, managed, and processed, as well as communicated with the system software. There are various types of frameworks, a program that generates output, and preferences that influence this process.
Top 14 Java frameworks
1. Apache Spark:
Apache Spark is the first on the list, which is a unified analytics engine used for large-scale data processing. With a physical execution engine, DAG scheduler, and query optimizer, the system achieves high performance for both streaming data and batch data. This library provides 80 high-level operators for building parallel applications quickly.
To process large datasets, Spark is used by a wide range of organizations. Cloud-based deployments use Kubernetes, Apache Mesos, Hadoop, and Kubernetes. It can connect to a wide range of sources such as Apache Hive, Apache Cassandra, Apache HBase, HDFS, Alluxio, and many more.
Apache Spark Features:
- Using Sparks, you can run the application in a Hadoop cluster, making it 10 times faster in terms of executing on disk and 100 times faster in terms of executing in memory.
- The processing data is stored in memory.
- It decreases the management burden of maintaining separate tools.
- It supplies the in-built APIs in Java, Python, and Scala
- It encourages graph algorithms, Streaming data, SQL queries, Machine learning (ML), and Streaming data.
2. Apache Struts:
The second on the list is Apache Struts, an open-source MVC framework for creating elegant and modern Java web applications. It features the extensible plugin architecture convention over configuration and ships with plugins to support AJAX, JSON, and REST. This framework is envisioned to organize the entire development process from building to deploying and supporting applications.
Apache Struts enables easy integration with other frameworks such as Spring, SiteMesh, and Tiles. It suggests integrated profiling to debug and profile the application. Furthermore, the debugging tools provided by starts are useful for integrated debugging. It has outstanding compatibility for multiple view options such as XSLT, Freemarker, JSP, and Velocity.
Apache Struts Features:
- Support is easy to use and is founded on the MVC design pattern.
- It incorporates other Java technologies via plugins.
- It sustains working with JSON, AJAX, and REST.
- It downsizes the development time and makes the method of development much easier.
- It utilizes the Java Servlet API to help developers to assume MVC architecture.
The blade is an MVC framework and is established on the principles of refinement and clarity. It incorporates a collection of libraries from Captcha to JSON transformation from template to a simple database association. The blade configuration is uncomplicated, easy to understand, and supports the standard library. It also sustains the REST style routing interface, which produces DSL grammar to write with no invasive interceptors.
- The blade is a weightless framework that provides a transparent structure and simple code.
- It advocates a plugin extension mechanism.
- It permits the user to choose the features for modular.
- It suggests template engine support and a jetty server.
- Outstanding style routing interface.
Subsequent on the list is Dropwizard, which is a Java framework used to design ops-friendly, RESTful, and high-performance web services. It drags the libraries from the Java ecosystem into an uncomplicated, lightweight package. The Dropwizard is best served for building Java microservices.
- Dropwizard invests in various independent and open-source libraries.
- It assembles high-performance RESTful web services.
- It has clearance for monitoring with the benefit of the metrics library. And it supplies unparalleled insight into the production.
- It accomplishes rapid prototyping efficiently.
- It utilizes Hibernate Validator API for declarative validation.
5. Google Web Toolkit (GWT):
Google Web Toolkit Features:
- GWT presents UI abstraction, cross-browser portability, bookmarking, internationalization, and history management.
- The GWT libraries encourage users to write AJAX applications in Java.
- It is comfortable to complete UIs with basic knowledge of scripting languages to focus on business logic and increase productivity.
- GWT submits the consistent Junit, Maven, and Eclipse IDE.
- It contains strong tools to build and optimize web applications.
Grails is a concentrated Groovy-based web application framework for the Java Virtual Machine(JVM). Grails can be operated for the development of various applications and are compatible with Java EE containers, Spring, JDK, Quartz, and Hibernate. It is produced on top of Spring Boot and runs with Groovy programming language.
- Grail's main ambition is to simplify complex programs. Its characteristics contain the unified event model, RxJava is operated to write reactive logic and the promises.
- It authorizes developers to construct their plugins and comprise IDE support for various platforms.
- Developers can access permission at any time through IDEs and text editors such as Eclipse, Textmate, IDEA, Intellij, and Sublime.
- It transparently blends with Java, existing Java EE containers, and the JVM.
Subsequent is Hibernate, which is another Java framework that streamlines the development of Java applications to connect with the database. It lets the user convert information for various databases skillfully. It is an open-source Object Relational Mapping(ORM) tool that executes the specifications of the Java Persistence API (JPA) for data perseverance.
- Hibernate qualifies users to communicate with any database by creating small code changes.
- It is an advanced ORM framework that enables the user to achieve the database operation using Java entities.
- It stimulates the user to develop stubborn classes on object-oriented idioms.
- It withdraws a lot of repeated codes from the JDBC API.
8. JavaServer Faces (JSF)
JavaServer Faces is a Java-based web application framework that is exploited to facilitate the development integration of web-based user interfaces. It can be manipulated to create native programs, web development, and enterprise applications. Developers can reuse the UI components, combine these components with an application data source, and write the client-generated event to the server-side event handler to develop web applications.
JavaServer Faces Features:
- JSF is an important characteristic of Java EE.
- It enables existing backend Java code to be augmented with the web interface without adjusting the base application to introduce a new framework.
- It offers superior libraries and tools.
- It helps in assembling native applications.
- It provides an API to describe and handle UI components and uses XML for view handling.
The second last in the list is the JHipster, which is one of the belated Java frameworks that is used to effect, deploy, and develop modern microservices architectures and web applications. It qualifies the user to make applications based on the Spring. This framework encourages the user to choose two different types of architectures, such as Microservices and Monolithic.
- JHipster generates various options in full-stack microservices and applications.
- Deployment approval exists for Cloud Foundry, OpenShift, Google Cloud Platform, Azure, Heroku, and AWS.
- It supplies a high-performance and robust server-side stack with immaculate test coverage.
- It proposes a powerful workflow to assemble the application with Webpack and Gradle or Maven.
The definitive Java framework is MyBatis, which is a mapping framework that automates the mapping between the entities and SQL databases in Java, Ruby on Rails, and NET. MyBatis offers a straightforward API to combine with the database. It also equips support for a standard for custom SQL, advanced mapping, and stored procedures. It streamlines the process of linking the Java application with an SQL database by acting as a middleware.
- MyBatis provides autonomous database interfaces and APIs that support the rest of the application remain independent of any persistence-related resources.
- It is widely considered as one of the simplest persistence frameworks unrestricted in the market.
- It keeps programming languages such as Ruby, C# for Microsoft .NET, and Java.
- It offers attributes for developing SQL queries depending on parameters.
Play is a High-velocity Web framework that qualifies the user to build web applications with Scala and Java. It was organized to develop modern web and mobile applications based on web-friendly, stateless, and lightweight architecture. Play is produced on Akka that gives you minimal resource consumption for highly scalable applications.
- Play is a relaxed, configurable, pluggable, and customizable tool.
- It can contain errors in dev mode to compile errors and runtime.
- The main characteristics include high speed, good scalability, and excellent quality.
- It enriches efficiency due to code reloading.
- It provides amazing approval for various microservices patterns.
Endure on the list is Vaadin, which is an open-source modern web framework that supports Java developers to construct a great user experience with minimal effort. It authorizes the user to write UI in pure 100% Java without using HTML, CSS, and JS. This framework incorporates a library of UI components that are developed to work on both desktop and mobile.
Vaadin provides entrance to the DOM directly from Java Virtual Machine(JVM). Its apps execute on the server and maintain all the communications secured automatically. With the help of a powerful Java ecosystem, Vaadin works with libraries, IDEs, and tools.
- Vaadin nourishes an opportunity to bind the data using MVP or MVC.
- It nourishes high developer productivity and rapid development.
- It suggests many layouts, components, and listeners compared to any conventional web technology.
- It sustains JVM languages such as scala and kotlin.
Quarkus is a Kubernetes-native Java framework employed for Java virtual machines (JVMs) that promotes an effective platform for Kubernetes, serverless, and cloud environments. It is developed to work with popular frameworks libraries like Eclipse MicroProfile, Java standards, Spring, and many more. Quark is a convincing solution for running Java in serverless architecture, containers, function-as-a-service (FaaS), microservices, and cloud.
- Quarkus' passion is to bring Java into the cloud-native development era.
- It supplies the critical programming model and libraries that are operated by the community, such as Hibernate, MicroProfile, and Vert. x.
- It is created to work with GraalVM and allows developers to build native binaries.
- Quarkus is a Kubernetes native Java framework that suggests low memory consumption and a quick startup period.
Spring is the most popular open-source Java framework. It gives a comprehensive configuration and programming model for model Java-based enterprise applications. This framework can be utilized for the implementation of a real-time application. It possesses Spring core, Spring ORM, Spring Security, Spring MVC, etc. is employed in enterprise applications. Spring is a receptacle of frameworks that enables the user to perform tasks of any complexity, from working with the databases to testing the procedures.
- Spring supports JDBC that diminishes errors and improves productivity in the application.
- It nourishes rearward testability and compatibility of the code.
- It presents a lightweight container that can be triggered without using web server software.
- It keeps both annotation and XML-based configuration.
As a final note, let me recommend these 14 Java frameworks. Every framework has unique benefits to meet the needs of a developer for building a user-friendly web or mobile application. By choosing the best framework, the best results can be achieved. Likewise, if you have a framework to add, we will be happy to read it in the comments below.