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Introduction to HTML

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages. HTML is a fairly simple language made up of elements.

Key Points about HTML:

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language, means a system for processing and presentation of text and images on World Wide Web browser page using tags.
  • HTML supports two main graphic file formats: GIF (Graphics Interchanging formats):: It provides a maximum of 8 bit color. It should be used for images such as logos, cartoons and icons. JPG (Joint Photographic Expert Group) ::  JPG  file provides maximum of 24 bit color. It should be used for photographs and paintings.
  • An HTML is divided into two main sections, Heading: It comprises information describing document, such as its title. It is indicated by Head and /Head tags. Body: This is a section text, graphics and other elements are placed. Same is indicated by the Body and /Body tags.
  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page.
  •  DOCTYPE  is an instruction to web browser about what version of HTML page is written in.)


Basic Example of HTML

<Title> defines a title in  the browser toolbar</Title>