Differences between SOAP & REST Web Services

Below are the difference between SOAP and REST

Point of Distinction SOAP REST
Stands for Simple Object Access Protocol REpresentational State Transfer
Type, Design and Implementation SOAP is a protocol. Standardized protocol with pre-defined rules to follow. It has official Standard.    Rest is an Architectural Style with loose guidelines and recommendations. No official Standard at all.
Can use each other SOAP can't use REST because it is a protocol and REST is an architectural pattern. REST can use SOAP web services because its concept can use any protocol like HTTP, SOAP etc.
Approach Function-driven (data available as services, e.g: "getUser") Data-driven (data available as resources, e.g. “user”).
Statefulness Stateless by default, but it's possible to make a SOAP API stateful. Stateless (no server-side sessions). You can not make it stateful.
How business logic exposed SOAP uses services interfaces to expose business logic. REST uses URI to expose business logic.
Java API JAX-WS - Java API for XML Web Services JAX-RS. Java API for RESTful Web Services
Transfer Protocol Largely based on XML and HTTP. Defines standards to be strictly followed. Uses multiple standards like HTTP, JSON, URL and XML.
Description Language WSDL - Web Services Description language WADL - Web Application Description Language
Bandwidth and resource requirement SOAP is difficult to implement and it requires more bandwidth as it needs to convert the data in XML which increases its payload and results in the large sized file. As REST API deploys multiple standards, so it takes fewer resources and bandwidth as compared to SOAP that uses XML for the creation of Payload and results in the large sized file.
Service Interfaces On behalf of services interfaces to business logic, SOAP uses @WebService whereas REST instead of using interfaces uses URI like @Path.
Security SOAP defines its own security. SOAP has SSL( Secure Socket Layer) and WS-security. In the case of Bank Account Password, Card Number, etc. SOAP is preferred over REST. RESTFul web services inherits security measures from the underlying transport. REST has SSL and HTTPS. 
Caching API calls cannot be cached. API calls can be cached.
Message Format SOAP uses only XML for exchanging information in its message format. REST is not restricted to XML and its the choice of implementer which Media-Type to use like XML, JSON, Plain-text. Moreover, REST can use SOAP protocol but SOAP cannot use REST.
Preferred by companies Less More compare to SOAP
Recommended For Enterprise apps, high-security apps, distributed environment, financial services, payment gateways, telecommunication services. Public APIs for web services, mobile services, social networks.
ACID Transaction Property Supported Some of the applications require transaction ability which is accepted by SOAP whereas REST lacks in it.
Faster Fast Faster than SOAP
Convenient with JavaScript SOAP APIs are also convenient with JavaScript but don't support for greater implementation. REST APIs are more convenient with JavaScript and can be implemented easily as well. 
Application Support Web Only Web, Mobile, Desktop etc.
Tue, 09/01/2020 - 02:20
Tarun Goswami is a highly experienced professional, currently serving as Technical Lead at a well-established IT services company. With over 12 years of experience across multiple domains, he demonstrates his expertise and passion for the industry through his engaging and informative blog writing in his spare time.